The Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) has been designed to support the long-term efforts of 21 targeted countries to further develop their capability to successfully identify, design and implement holistic adaptation and disaster risk reduction programmes that are aligned with national development priorities.
In this regard AAP is not a traditional adaptation programme per se – but a strategic initiative, aimed at creating an environment for more informed and capable adaptation decisions and practice in each country.
In approaching this goal, AAP focused its support to countries around:
1. Strengthening long term planning to enable countries to manage both existing and future risks associated with climate change.
2. Building effective leadership and institutional frameworks for enhanced coordination and cohesion of programmes.
3. Supporting the piloting of adaptation initiatives in the field.
4. Identifying a range of financing options for sustained adaptation.
5. Building knowledge management systems and promoting information sharing.
Climate change trends in Rwanda are characterized by a trend of declining overall rainfall, interspersed with years of excessive rainfall. Dry spells and prolonged droughts are observed, often geographically specific.
A trend of increasing temperatures has been recorded, both of annual average maximum and minimum temperature. Extreme rainfall events have led to severe flooding in various areas in Rwanda. Overall the occurrence of extreme phenomena (drought and floods) has increased.
GCM projections of future climate predict overall hotter climatic conditions, both in terms of day and night temperatures. Rainfall may increase esp. events that are more intense. Climate change impacts affect agricultural production and food security, water availability, land degradation i.e. erosion and landslides, infrastructure such as housing, roads and micro dams, due to flooding and siltation. Malaria distribution is becoming wider and other health impacts are expected. Overall the adaptive capacity of Rwanda is low, especially on the community and district level.
The 1994 genocide and war has left institutions poorly positioned to take on the climate change challenge. The Government of Rwanda aims to establish a country wide approach to adaptation that would particularly test adaptation measures at the community and district level, taking a community preparedness focus and integrating gender sensitive approaches.
The AAP-Rwanda project addressed climate change risks under each of the five AAP Global Project outputs.
2. Project name
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa – Building a comprehensive national approach in Rwanda.
3. Project objective
Rwanda has the institutional, individual and systemic capacity to address climate change risks and opportunities through a national approach to adaptation.
4. Project outcomes:
(i) Establishing an enabling policy framework to support an effective system for environment management and ecosystem conservation.
(ii) Strengthening capacity at national, district and community levels to restore and protect ecosystems of national and global importance against potential degradation.
(iii) Enhancing economic productivity using natural resources in an environmentally friendly way.
5. Project components:
(i) Dynamic, long-term planning mechanisms to cope with the inherent uncertainties of climate change introduced.
(ii) Leadership and institutional frameworks to manage CC risks and opportunities in an integrated manner at the local and national levels strengthened
(iii) Climate-resilient policies and measures in priority sectors implemented.
(iv) Financing options to meet national adaptation costs expanded at the local, national, sub- regional and regional levels.
(v) Knowledge on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate climate change risks and opportunities generated and shared across all levels.
6. Geographical focus
Bugesera, Gatsibo, Kayonza, Kirehe, Nyamagabe and Rulindo Districts
7. Implementation Period
October 2010- March 2013
8. Funding source
Government of Japan through UNDP
Climate Change Program Manager