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This five year programme provides assistance to the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA) towards achieving its statutory mandate of identifying and rehabilitatefragile ecosystems. The programme is also aligned to the second phase of the MDG-linked Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS II), the Green Growth and Climate Resilience Strategy, Vision 2020 and commitments to the Convention on Biodiversity.

The programmesupports innovative approaches to restore and conserve fragile island and wetland ecosystems, promote the sustainable management of natural resources and support livelihood diversification to enhance household incomes and reduce the number of people dependent on subsistence agriculture.


The Knowledge Management component of the programme will track progress, assess impacts and capture and disseminate lessons learned to improve the approach, establish good practice and facilitate up-scaling ecosystem rehabilitation and protection for pro-poor green growth.

The program started in January 2014 and is expected to end in December 2018

Programme Outputs

The programme for Supporting Ecosystem Rehabilitation and Protection for Pro-poor Green Growth will deliver three outputs for the achievement of the United Nations Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP) Outcome 3: Rwanda has in place improved systems for: sustainable management of the environment, natural resources and renewable energy resources, energy access and energy security. Outcome 3 contributes to EDPRS II Priority 5 under the Economic Transformation thematic area:

Output 1: Selected degraded and fragile ecosystems rehabilitated and protected

Activity 1.1:  Identify sites and develop plans for restoration and protection through a multi-stakeholder approach

Indicator 1.1: Number of restoration and protection plans developed and supported by communities.


  • Integration of  Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in relocation, resettlement, restoration and protection plans for fragile and degraded ecosystems;
  • Training of key stakeholders on conservation, restoration and management techniques;
  • Awareness raising, advocacy and community mobilization;
  • Consultation with key stakeholders to (communities, implementation partners, local decision makers, experts etc.) on relocation, resettlement, restoration and protection plans;
  • Selection of options for relocation, resettlement, rehabilitation and protection.

Activity 1.2:   Restore and to protect the selected sites through a multi-stakeholder approach

Indicator 1.2: Area (ha) where community-based ecosystem rehabilitation and protection were implemented


  • Development of local support and ownership of the process and agreed interventions;
  • Relocation and resettlement of target island inhabitants;
  • Rehabilitation of fragile degraded areas.


Output 2: Livelihoods of vulnerable households diversified

Activity 2.1: Identify and implement livelihood diversification opportunities

Indicator 2.1: Number of vulnerable households (by gender) practicing diversified livelihoods


  • Identify and assess livelihood diversification opportunities for vulnerable households;
  • Facilitate and empower vulnerable households to adopt suitable livelihood diversification options.

Activity 2.2: Empower local communities in sustainable ecosystem rehabilitation and protection

Indicator 2.2: Number of people participating public works schemes (disaggregated by gender, age and ubedehe category)


  • Promotion of linkages to and/or establish self-help groups and cooperatives;
  • Provision of entrepreneurial and vocational training for green jobs to the most vulnerable people.


Output 3: Knowledge management on ecosystem rehabilitation and protection established

Activity 3.1: Develop and implement knowledge management system on ecosystem rehabilitation and protection

Indicator 3.1: Knowledge management system for ecosystem rehabilitation and protection operational.


  • Put in place an M&E system for ecosystem rehabilitation and protection;
    Develop and disseminate knowledge packages on ecosystem rehabilitation and protection through the REMA communication platform.



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