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OVERVIEW


Project name:


Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change by Establishing Early Warning and Disaster Preparedness Systems and Support for Integrated Watershed Management in Flood Prone Areas

1.    Background

The Gishwati ecosystem in Western Rwanda has been experiencing worsening irregularity and unpredictability of rainfall over the past decade due to climate change. Especially between 1991 and 2000, this area has experienced extreme drought followed by two years of unusually excessive rains.


The resulting floods have led to significant economic, environmental, and social damage. Also, the excessive floods have led to the deaths of dozens, destroyed roads and other infrastructure, and a significant reduction in agricultural production threatening food security.


The main problem facing rural people living in the Gishwati ecosystem is the limited capacities of communities, local government, and national government to manage and cope with the greater frequency and intensity of droughts and floods.


 With an aim to provide a solution to this problem, the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) through the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has supported the project for “Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change by Establishing Early Warning and Disaster Preparedness Systems and Support for Integrated Watershed Management in Flood Prone Areas”.


2.    Project Goal and objective

The overall Goal of this project is “To contribute to Climate Change Risk and Flood Disaster Preparedness in Rwanda”.

The Project Objective is “To reduce the vulnerability of the Gishwati ecosystems and its associated Nile-Congo crest watersheds, and the people that derive their livelihoods from it, to increased floods and droughts due to climate change”.

More specifically, the project will consist of:

  1. Strengthening national and district capacities to deliver a functional early warning and disaster preparedness system that would allow for early warning of vulnerable populations in the Gishwati ecosystem and also would support the development of agricultural planning at the household level;
  2. Build capacities for risk responsive planning at district and local levels;
  3. Rehabilitate the ecosystem using risk maps, land-use and settlement plans, and application of adaptive measures; and
  4. Strengthen the national information base on climate change and adaption through communication, awareness and training activities.


3.    Project components

  • Component 1: Climate risk assessment and forecasting
  • Component 2: Climate Change adaptation Planning and response strategy
  • Component 3: The adverse effect of floods and droughts reduced in the Nile-Congo crest watersheds (Nyabarongo and sebeya rivers) and gishwati ecosystem
  • Component 4: Knowledgeof Good practices to reduce vulnerability to climate      change based on the Gishwati pilot improved   


1.    Geographical focus


Gishwati forest areas: Nyabihu, Rubavu, Rutsiro and Ngororo Districts


2.    Implementation Period

October 2010-December 2014


3.    Funding source


GEF through UNEP and UNDP


4.    Contacts

Alphonse Mutabazi
Climate Change Program Manager
mutalpho@hotmail.com

5.    Resources

  • GEF (http://www.thegef.org/gef/node/3340)
  • Budget Planning for LDCF Project (http://www.undp.org.rw/Environment_Project70931.html)