Keep It Cool With The Kigali Amendment

Celebrating Five Years of the Kigali Amendment and Calling for Urgent Climate Action

The Government of Rwanda is today celebrating the fifth anniversary of the adoption of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. The event will be an opportunity to celebrate the impact of the Montreal Protocol and the Kigali Amendment, reflect on the urgent action needed to address the climate crisis, and demonstrate tangible commitments to cut emissions and build resilience to the impacts of climate change.

In the lead up to the COP26 UN Climate Summit in November, more than ever the world needs to demonstrate emission reductions and build resilience to the impacts of climate change.

“If globally implemented, the Kigali Amendment has the potential to prevent up to 80 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent of emissions by 2050, as well as avoid 0.4°C of future warming by the end of the century. When paired with energy efficiency measures, the positive impact could double,” said Dr. Jeanne d’Arc Mujawamariya, Rwanda’s Minister of Environment.

Fast-tracking implementation of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol would add to the growing global momentum which is needed for a successful COP26 and achieving the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. To date, 127 countries have ratified the amendment.

“On this day of the Kigali Amendment anniversary, let’s urge the 71 parties that have not yet done so, to ratify the amendment, to continue to protect the ozone layer and accelerate actions to mitigate climate change. The world looks to the continued leadership of Rwanda along with other parties to ensure that the Kigali Amendment will flourish to achieve all its objectives and benefits” says Megumi Seki, Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat.

In the spirit of multilateralism, the Government of Rwanda will host a breakfast meeting with partners, foreign diplomats and friends of the environment to celebrate the achievements made so far in implementing the Kigali Amendment, and look towards a successful COP26 in Glasgow.

“I would like to acknowledge and appreciate Rwanda for its leadership in pursuing energy efficiency. At the Kigali meeting, Rwanda was the proponent of the first ever decision on energy efficiency under the Montreal Protocol that aimed at assessing and collecting information on the issue, and every year since then, parties have been considering the matter further, making progress a step at a time, including under the Multilateral Fund.” adds Megumi Seki, Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat.

The adoption of Kigali Amendment in 2016 was a starting point for Rwanda’s achievements in reducing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) including the ratification of the amendment itself, the adoption of a National Cooling Strategy, the implementation of the Africa Centre of Excellence in Sustainable Cooling and Cold Chain (ACES) at the University of Rwanda, and the establishment of an online licensing system and equipment registration, among many others.

The Kigali Amendment also provides an opportunity for improved energy efficiency in the cooling sector. Replacing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) offers an opportunity to redesign air conditioning and refrigeration to use less power, allowing expansion of comfort cooling and cold chain efficiencies without increasing climate impacts. 

The combination of reducing HFCs consumption and improved cold chain efficiencies, particularly in countries like Rwanda, will also combat food loss as around one third of all food produced globally for human consumption is either lost or wasted each year, largely due to a lack of access to cold chains. Food loss and waste amounts to billions of dollars a year, not only wasting precious resources such as land, water, and energy, but also generating an estimated 8% of total greenhouse gases per year globally.

Note To Editors

About the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol

The Kigali Amendment is an amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer. It was adopted by the 28th Meeting of Parties to the Montreal Protocol on 15 October 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda. The Amendment adds powerful greenhouse gases hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) to the list of substances controlled under the Protocol to be phased down. HFC phase-down is expected to prevent the emission of up to 105 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse gases, helping to avoid up to 0.4°C of global temperature rise by 2100, while continuing to protect the ozone layer. 

Learn more: UN Environment Program

About the Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is the landmark multilateral environmental agreement that regulates the production and consumption of nearly 100 man-made chemicals referred to as ozone depleting substances (ODS). When released to the atmosphere, those chemicals damage the stratospheric ozone layer, Earth’s protective shield that protects humans and the environment from harmful levels of ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Adopted on 15 September 1987, the Protocol is to date the only UN treaty ever that has been ratified by every country on Earth - all 198 UN Member States.

Learn More: UN Environment Program